Luminous Vibrio and the greenwater culture of the tiger shrimp Penaeus monodon with tilapia
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Luminous vibriosis is a devastating infection of penaeid shrimp larvae and juveniles causing heavy mortalities. To counter the bacterial pathogen, Vibrio harveyi, shrimp farmers in the Philippines modified their growout culture method of the black tiger shrimp, Penaeus monodon, juveniles and developed the greenwater culture technique. This culture method involves the use of pond water of all-male, saline-tolerant Oreochromis hornorum as rearing water for the culture of shrimp juveniles in ponds. Such a modified culture of P. monodon juveniles was found effective in preventing the onset of luminous vibriosis. Basic studies revealed that antiluminous Vibrio factors are inherent in the bacterial, fungal, and microalgal flora of the tilapia water, dermal mucus, and gut that singly or collectively inhibit the growth of V. harveyi, in vitro. The skin mucus studies of other brackishwater fish species showed that the siganids, Siganus guttatus, and red hybrid tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus × Oreochromis mossambicus), as well as sea bass, Lates calcarifer, are promising alternative fish species for this novel shrimp culture method. A review of pond-simulated studies in tanks and ponds, similarly, confirmed these findings and the impact of the greenwater culture technique on water quality, including its economic benefits to the farmer. The greenwater culture of shrimp can sustain the successful production of shrimp juveniles by inhibition of the luminous Vibrio. This culture method is also currently used in the growout culture of the white shrimp, Litopenaeus vannamei.
Lio-Po, G. D. (2017). Luminous Vibrio and the greenwater culture of the tiger shrimp Penaeus monodon with tilapia. In P. W. Perschbacher & R. R. Stickney (Eds.), Tilapia in Intensive Co-culture (pp. 81–93). Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
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Yuasa, Kei; Mekata, Toru; Sato, Jun (Aquaculture Department, Southeast Asian Fisheries Development Center, 2016)The gross product from sea culture in Japan was about USD 3.4 billion in 2013 with kuruma shrimp Marsupenaeus japonicus constituting 2% of the total production. In recent years, annual shrimp production has reached about ...
Anti-luminous Vibrio factors associated with the ‘green water’ grow-out culture of the tiger shrimp Penaeus monodon Lio-Po, Gilda D.; Leaño, Eduardo M.; Peñaranda, Ma. Michelle D.; Villa-Franco, Annie U.; Sombito, Christopher D.; Guanzon Jr., Nicholas G. (Elsevier, 2005)The ability of the “green water” grow-out culture of the tiger shrimp Penaeus monodon to prevent outbreaks of Luminous Vibriosis was investigated by screening associated isolates of bacteria, fungi, phytoplankton and fish ...
Luminescent vibrios associated with mortality in pond-cultured shrimp penaeus monodon in the Philippines: Species composition de la Peña, Leobert D.; Lavilla-Pitogo, Celia R.; Paner, Milagros G. (Japanese Society of Fish Pathology, 2001)Heavy mortalities due to luminescent vibriosis have been observed among pond-cultured Penaeus monodon shrimp in the Philippines. The species composition of luminescent Vibrio associated with mortalities was determined. A ...