Aeromonas hydrophila in the epizootic ulcerative syndrome (EUS) of snakehead, Ophicephalus striatus, and catfish, Clarias batrachus: quantitative estimation in natural infection and experimental induction of dermo-muscular necrotic lesion
MetadataShow full item record
Snakehead (Ophicephalus striatus) and catfish (Clarias batraclus) with the Epizootic Ulcerative Syndrome (EUS) were sampled for bacteria. Total bacterial counts of skin and muscle/dermal lesions revealed mean colony forming units (CFU) per gram tissue of 1.22 x 103, 1.40 x 105, 5.31 x 195 and 1.14 x 107 in apparently normal, slightly lesioned, moderately lesioned and severely lesioned snakehead samples, respectively. In catfish, mean CFU per gram tissue were 4.30 x 104 and 2.00 x 105 in apparently normal and slightly lesioned specimens, respectively. Kidney samples likewise revealed the presence of bacteria. Bacteria isolated on trypticase soy agar and Rimler-Shotts medium were predominantly Aeromonas hydrophila occurring in 90% of snakeheads and in 33% of catfish specimens. Infection experiments of A. hydrophila injected intramuscularly into healthy snakehead and catfish induced dermo-muscular necrotic lesions. A dose of at least 106 cells of A. hydrophila was required to induce EUS-like lesions in snakehead and catfish at 21-25 degree C in 24-96 h.
Lio-Po, G. D., Albright, L. J., & Alapide-Tendencia, E. V. (1992). Aeromonas hydrophila in the epizootic ulcerative syndrome (EUS) of snakehead, Ophicephalus striatus, and catfish, Clarias batrachus: quantitative estimation in natural infection and experimental induction of dermo-muscular necrotic lesion. In M. Shariff, R. P. Subasinghe, & J. R. Arthur (Eds.), Diseases in Asian Aquaculture, I: proceedings of the first Symposium on Diseases in Asian Aquaculture : 26-29 November 1990, Bali, Indonesia (pp. 461–474). Makati, Metro Manila, Philippines: Fish Health Section, Asian Fisheries Society.