แสดงระเบียนรายการที่เรียบง่าย

Share 
 
dc.contributor.authorTan-Fermin, Josefa D.
dc.contributor.authorMiura, Takeshi
dc.contributor.authorAdachi, Shinji
dc.contributor.authorYamauchi, Kohei
dc.date.accessioned2012-07-23T06:49:55Z
dc.date.available2012-07-23T06:49:55Z
dc.date.issued1999
dc.identifier.citationTan-Fermin, J. D., Miura, T., Adachi, S., & Yamauchi, K. (1999). Seminal plasma composition, sperm motility, and milt dilution in the Asian catfish Clarias macrocephalus (Gunther). Aquaculture, 171(3-4), 323-338.en
dc.identifier.issn0044-8486
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10862/1000
dc.description.abstractIonic composition of the seminal plasma and factors that initiate sperm motility in the freshwater Asian catfish Clarias macrocephalus, were examined to develop an artificial seminal plasma (ASP) that can be used to dilute milt. The optimum ratio of milt:ASP that can reversibly activate the sperm and milt–ASP:ovulated eggs that will result in high fertilization rates were further determined to minimize the number of males to be sacrificed during artificial insemination. Seminal plasma of C. macrocephalus contained 17.8±0.1 mM/l potassium, 164.4±0.6 mM/l sodium, 8.4±0.0 mM/l calcium and 1.6±0.0 mM/l magnesium, and had an osmolality of 269.0±6.4 mOsm/kg, and pH of 7.8±0.2. Sperm motility was highest and longest in all electrolyte (NaCl, CaCl2, KCl) and non-electrolyte (mannitol) solutions of 200 mOsm/kg. Catfish sperm were motile in all isotonic NaCl–KCl solutions, and were reversibly activated in the ASP (143 mM NaCl, 30 mM KCl, 8 mM CaCl2, 2 mM MgCl2, 10 mM HEPES) solutions of pH 6.4–9.4. Altogether, these results suggest that sperm motility in C. macrocephalus was mainly initiated by a decrease in osmotic pressure, rather than ions and pH. High fertilization rates (89–94%) were observed when 10 μl milt, diluted with 1000 μl ASP, was activated with 5 ml of 0.6% NaCl (198.24 mOsm/kg) to fertilize 5 or 10 g of ovulated eggs. Results obtained from the present study provide information on sperm physiology that will lead to more efficient gamete management, and hopefully, an increase in the yield of catfish fry in the hatchery.en
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherElsevieren
dc.subjectClarias macrocephalusen
dc.subjectSeminal plasma compositionen
dc.subjectSperm motilityen
dc.subjectMilt dilutionen
dc.subjectCatfishen
dc.titleSeminal plasma composition, sperm motility, and milt dilution in the Asian catfish Clarias macrocephalus (Gunther)en
dc.typeArticleen
dc.citation.volume171
dc.citation.issue3-4
dc.citation.spage323
dc.citation.epage338
dc.citation.journalTitleAquacultureen
dc.subject.asfaAnimal physiologyen
dc.subject.asfaFish cultureen
dc.subject.asfaHatcheriesen
dc.subject.asfaSpermen
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/S0044-8486(98)00402-5


Files in this item

FilesขนาดรูปView

รายการนี้ปรากฏใน (s)

  • AQD [1129]
    These papers were contributed by AQD staff to various national and international journals

แสดงระเบียนรายการที่เรียบง่าย