Effect of season on oocyte development and serum steroid hormones in LHRHa and pimozide-injected catfish Clarias macrocephalus (Günther)
Oocyte and blood samples were taken from gravid female catfish Clarias macrocephalus at 4-h intervals to monitor the stage of oocyte development and serum steroid hormone profiles after injection of luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone analogue (LHRHa) and pimozide (PIM) during the off-season (February) and the peak of the natural breeding period (August). Results showed that the onset of final oocyte maturation (12h) and ovulation (16h), and levels of serum estradiol-17β (E2) did not vary with season in LHRHa+PIM-injected fish. In February, ovulated eggs were stripped from three and two hormone-treated fish at 16h and 20h post-injection, respectively. In August, ovulation was observed in all hormone-treated females (n=5) at 16h post-injection but stripping of the eggs was possible only 4h thereafter. Serum E2 levels were significantly different only with varying time post-injection; a marked increase occurred at 12h, but the elevation was higher in fish induced to ovulate during the peak (16.8ng/ml) than off-season (7.7ng/ml). Hormone-treated fish showed higher serum testosterone (T) levels during the peak season (17-23ng/ml) than those injected during the off-season (10-20ng/ml) at 4-12h post-injection. Serum 17α, 20β-dihydroxy-4-pregnene-3-one (DHP) levels of hormone-treated fish during the off-season were only about half the level (0.29 and 0.52 ng/ml) of those treated with the same hormones during the peak season (0.54 and 0.9ng/ml) at 8 and 12h postinjection, respectively. Development of oocytes and serum steroid hormone profiles after LHRHa+PIM-induced ovulation provide basic understanding of the processes that mediate final oocyte maturation and ovulation in captive C. macrocephalus.
Suggested CitationTan-Fermin, J. D., Marte, C. L., Ueda, H., Adachi, S., & Yamauchi, K. (1999). Effect of season on oocyte development and serum steroid hormones in LHRHa and pimozide-injected catfish Clarias macrocephalus (Günther).
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