Feed ration for different sizes of wild and hatchery-bred milkfish (Chanos chanos Forsskal)
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Intensified production of fish involves stocking at high densities and the use of artificial feeds. These practices result in eutrophication and environmental degradation mainly because of feed wastage and fish excreta. To minimize waste, the maximum amount of feed consumed by fish must be known. Food consumption and utilization, however, may vary with the size and physical condition of the fish. Milkfish Chanos chanos Forsskal and some hatchery-produced fish, such as seabass Dicentrarchus labrax L. have been observed to have morphological defects that could affect normal food intake and utilization. Jaw abnormalities in hatchery-bred milkfish interfere with feeding and result in very slow growth. In the Philippines, milkfish fry for production in ponds and cages are caught from the wild or produced through artificial spawning. Studies have been conducted to estimate the feed ration for milkfish reared in brackish water ponds where natural food contributes significantly to the nutrition of the fish. In ponds and marine cages, where fish are largely dependent on artificial feeds, daily feed ration has to be estimated. This study determined the maximum feed ration for different sizes of wild and hatchery-bred milkfish based on assimilation of energy.
Suggested CitationSumagaysay, N. S. (1999). Feed ration for different sizes of wild and hatchery-bred milkfish (Chanos chanos Forsskal).
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Benitez, Lita V. (Philippine Council for Aquatic and Marine Research and Development, 1989)This paper reviews recent work on milkfish nutrition. Substantial progress had been made towards understanding the digestive physiology of milkfish. Major enzaymes envolved in the digestions of carbohydrates, protein and ...
Lactate dehydrogenase isozyme patterns during the development of milkfish, (Chanos chanos (Forskal)) Requintina, Pura D.; Engle, L. M.; Benitez, Lita V. (University of the Philippines at Los Baños, 1981)Polyacrylamide disc gel electrophoresis was done to determine the lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) isozyme patterns for fry (5-3 mg), fingerling (6-12 g), pond-size (150-250 g) and adult (6-9 kg) milkfish. The patterns were ...
Lijauco, Melchor M.; Juario, Jesus V.; Baliao, Dan D.; Grino, Eliseo; Quinitio, Gerald F. (Aquaculture Department, Southeast Asian Fisheries Development Center, 1979)The manual is intended as a guide for operation in milkfish farming. It is presented under the following major sections: 1) Handling of fry - counting, storage and transport; 2) Pond layout and construction - selection of ...