Evaluation of plant proteins as partial replacement for animal proteins in diets for Penaeus indicus and P. merguiensis juveniles
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The growth rate and survival of two white shrimps, Penaeus indicus and P. merguiensis, fed diets in which fishmeal was partially replaced with plant protein sources were investigated in three trials. In trial 1 with P. indicus, soybean, yeast and leaf meals of kangkong, papaya and Cassia tora L. were screened as partial substitutes for fishmeal. The total biomass of shrimp fed 20% yeast (20yeast) was highest but not significantly different than that of shrimp fed 10yeast and 10papaya. Survival was highest with 20yeast, 10papaya and 10yeast. Shrimp fed Cassia tora L. had the highest weight gain and SGR but their survival was similar to those fed poor performing diets. In trial 2 with P. merguiensis, the ingredients were modified by decreasing fishmeal and increasing the yeast and soybean substitution. The biomass of the shrimp fed 10 yeast was similar to that of the shrimp fed 20yeast and 26 soybean, the weight gain and SGR were similar to shrimp fed 20yeast while survival was highest but not different from 20yeast and 26 soybean. In trial 3 with P. indicus, weight gain and SGR were best with 20yeast and 34soybean. However, biomass and survival did not differ among replacement levels. The performance of the white shrimp varied with different levels of yeast and soybean meal incorporation. The response of P. indicus was best with 20yeast (15% by weight) or 34soybean meal (34% by weight) while that of P. merguiensis was with 10yeast (7% by weight), 20yeast (15% by weight) or 26soybean meal (26% by weight). Partial replacement of fishmeal with yeast or soybean meal would result in lower feed costs but the use of these feeds needs further refinement since survival was low in all treatments. Rearing techniques, such as increasing the feeding frequency, simulating deep pond conditions or using adequate substrates, should be refined.
Suggested CitationPeñaflorida, V. D. (2002). Evaluation of plant proteins as partial replacement for animal proteins in diets for Penaeus indicus and P. merguiensis juveniles.
Aquaculture techniques; Costs; Diets; Feed composition; Feeding experiments; Fish meal; Leaves; Proteins; Rearing; Shrimp culture; Yeasts; Yield; Pellet feeds; Carica papaya; Fenneropenaeus merguiensis; Glycine max; Penaeus indicus; Senna obtusifolia; Soybean meal; Soybeans; Animal protein substitues; Feeds; Plant proteins
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