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dc.contributor.authorAltamirano, Jon P.
dc.contributor.authorSalayo, Nerissa D.
dc.contributor.authorKurokura, Hisashi
dc.contributor.authorFushimi, Hiroshi
dc.contributor.authorIshikawa, Satoshi
dc.contributor.editorKawamura, Hajime
dc.contributor.editorIwata, Tsuyoshi
dc.contributor.editorTheparoonrat, Yuttana
dc.contributor.editorManajit, Nopporn
dc.contributor.editorSulit, Virgilia T.
dc.date.accessioned2018-11-17T14:59:11Z
dc.date.available2018-11-17T14:59:11Z
dc.date.issued2016
dc.identifier.citationAltamirano, J. P., Salayo, N. D., Kurokura, H., Fushimi, H., & Ishikawa, S. (2016). Aquaculture-based restoration and stock enhancement of tiger shrimps in the Philippines. In H. Kawamura, T. Iwata, Y. Theparoonrat, N. Manajit, & V. T. Sulit (Eds.), Consolidating the Strategies for Fishery Resources Enhancement in Southeast Asia. Proceedings of the Symposium on Strategy for Fisheries Resources Enhancement in the Southeast Asian Region, Pattaya, Thailand, 27-30 July 2015 (pp. 166-170). Samutprakan, Thailand: Training Department, Southeast Asian Fisheries Development Center.en
dc.identifier.isbn9786163581600
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12067/715
dc.description.abstractIn central Philippines, the Aquaculture Department of the Southeast Asian Fisheries Development Center (SEAFDEC/AQD), with strong collaboration and support from the Research Institute for Humanity and Nature (RIHN) of Kyoto, Japan, has been looking into the stock enhancement of tiger shrimp Penaeus monodon in the New Washington Estuary (NWE), province of Aklan, central Philippines. The NWE was a productive fishing ground that has been suffering from degenerating brackishwater fisheries and estuarine environment. Average daily catch declined from 24 kg in 1970s to only 0.7 kg at present. Shrimp fisheries, the most important livelihood, declined in quality and quantity. Tiger shrimps were abundant in catch until the early 1990s when these were observed to decline in volume, replaced by smaller and cheaper species. This was coincidental with the rapid decline in mangrove cover for ponds and huge increase in fishing pressure. It is clear that crucial interventions are required to restore the tiger shrimp fisheries in the NWE in order to increase income of local fishers, while promoting reduction of fishing gears and restoration of mangroves. Stock enhancement of tiger shrimps shows good potential in answering these needs. Site-specific assessments were conducted to evaluate prospects of shrimp stock enhancement in NWE. Conservative simulations of capture of released stocks showed that fishers can increase income by 300%. To decrease fishing pressure in the area, number of gears per fisher may have to be reduced but shrimp catches will be relatively high-priced. Comparative experiments using aquaculture techniques were done to identify strategies especially in the delicate intermediate acclimation rearing. Aquaculture protocols like those for pond preparation were also adapted to be used in a mangrove pen nursery rearing system for shrimps. Supplemental feeding with formulated feeds increased carrying capacity of the culture area, while enhancing growth and survival of stocks. Culture experiments showed that shrimps grow to 0.5 g within 1 mo and >1g in 2 mo. High stocking density of 40-60 shrimps m super(-2) can be used for <2 mo rearing in a mangrove pen. Release experiments showed that 60-d old shrimps have higher chances of survival when released in the estuaries. With strong support from local communities, government and other sectors, together with effective management and law enforcement, aquaculture-based stock enhancement of tiger shrimps can be a viable intervention to restore livelihood and promote estuarine rehabilitation in the NWE.en
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherTraining Department, Southeast Asian Fisheries Development Centeren
dc.subjectViet Namen
dc.subjectNotopterus notopterus
dc.subjectPenaeus monodon
dc.subjectSeminabeo notabilis
dc.subjectCyprinus carpio
dc.subjectSqualiobarbus curiculus
dc.subjectSpinibarbichthys denticulatus
dc.subjectHamibagrus elongatus
dc.titleAquaculture-based restoration and stock enhancement of tiger shrimps in the Philippinesen
dc.typeConference paperen
dc.citation.spage166
dc.citation.epage170
dc.subject.asfaEnvironmental degradationen
dc.subject.asfaMarine fisheriesen
dc.subject.asfaPoliciesen
dc.subject.asfaTransplantationen
dc.subject.asfaStocking (organisms)en
dc.subject.asfaSustainable fishingen
dc.subject.asfaResource conservationen
dc.subject.asfaOverfishingen
dc.subject.asfaFishery regulationsen
dc.subject.asfaSustainabilityen
dc.subject.asfaLivelihoodsen
dc.subject.asfaInland fisheriesen
dc.subject.asfaFisheriesen
dc.subject.asfaStocksen
dc.citation.conferenceTitleConsolidating the Strategies for Fishery Resources Enhancement in Southeast Asia. Proceedings of the Symposium on Strategy for Fisheries Resources Enhancement in the Southeast Asian Region, Pattaya, Thailand, 27-30 July 2015en


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