The application of HACCP in the fish processing industry in Southeast Asia, 2000-2003: Indonesia
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Consisting of a total of 17,500 islands with a coastal length of about 81,000 km, Indonesia has land areas of over 2 million square km and 5.8 million square km of marine waters. Of this, 3.1 million square km is classified as archipelago and territorial waters. The remaining 2.7 million square km is Indonesia’s Exclusive Economic Zone (IEEZ). About 775,000 sq. km of marine waters are coastal areas of less than 200 meters deep. With this vast area of inland, coastal and marine waters, fisheries have been playing an important role in the socio-economic life of Indonesia, in particular in coastal communities. The sector provides employment for more than 4.5 million fishermen/ fish farmers. Currently, while most sectors suffer from the current economic crisis, fisheries have demonstrated its ability to sustain contribution to national economy. In 2000, fisheries generated about US$ 1.675 billion from more than 500,000 metric tonnes total fish export and in 2002, US$ 1.7 billion from more than 600,000 metric tonnes. [Extract]
Mangunsong, S. (2003). Indonesia. In S. E. Yeap & I. Hariono (Eds.), The Application of HACCP in the Fish Processing Industry in Southeast Asia 2000-2003 (pp. 14-25). Singapore: Marine Fisheries Research Department, Southeast Asian Fisheries Development Center.