Coastal aquaculture in Thailand
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Coastal aquaculture in Thailand has expanded rapidly in both area and production in the last decade. The important cultured species are the shrimps (Penaeus monodon and P. merguiensis), sea bass Lates calcarifer, groupers Epinephelus malabaricus and E. tauvina, green mussel Perna viridis, horse mussel Modiolus senhausenii, blood cockles Anadara granosa and A. nodifera and the oysters Crassostrea belcheri, C. lugubris and Saccostrea commercialis. The total production from coastal aquaculture in 1991 was 230,444 tons, consisting of 70.3% shrimp, 28.8% mollusks, and 0.9% fishes. The seaweeds Gracilaria spp., pearl oysters, scallops, and abalones are cultured on a pilot scale in some places. Hatchery technologies have recently been developed for groupers, oysters, scallops, and abalones. Expanded aquaculture has had some adverse effects on the environment and has also suffered from the environmental changes and conflicts due to other sectors using the same water and other resources.
Sahavacharin, S. (1995). Coastal aquaculture in Thailand. In T. U. Bagarinao & E. E. C. Flores (Eds.), Towards Sustainable Aquaculture in Southeast Asia and Japan: Proceedings of the Seminar-Workshop on Aquaculture Development in Southeast Asia, Iloilo City, Philippines, 26-28 July, 1994 (pp. 149-157). Tigbauan, Iloilo, Philippines: Aquaculture Department, Southeast Asian Fisheries Development Center.
Shrimp culture; Mollusc culture; Mussel culture; Oyster culture; Pearl culture; Aquaculture; Crab culture; Clam culture; Aquaculture economics; Hatcheries; Coastal zone; Aquaculture development; Environmental effects; Culture effects; Seaweed culture; Scallop culture; Marine aquaculture; Fish culture; Penaeus monodon; Haliotis; Crassostrea belcheri; Lates calcarifer; Perna viridis; Crassostrea lugubris; Scylla serrata; Pinctada; Chlamys senatoria; Fenneropenaeus merguiensis; Anadara nodifera; Anadara granosa; Epinephelus malabaricus; Amusium pleuronectes; Saccostrea commercialis; Epinephelus tauvina; Gracilaria; Modiolus senhausenii; Polycavernosa; Abalone; Banana prawn; Giant perch; Giant tiger prawn; Thailand
- ADSEA '94