Development of protocol for the production of hatchery-reared mud crab Scylla serrata juveniles for soft-shell crab farming
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Development of economically viable techniques for growing hatchery-reared juvenile crabs to suitable sizes will address the problem on the source of seed stocks for soft-shell crab farming. This paper reports the production of hatchery-reared mud crab Scylla serrata from juveniles in the nursery to 73-106 g body weight (BW) crabs in the grow-out pond for the individual system soft-shell crab farming. Likewise, the performance of hatchery-reared S. serrata, and wild S. tranquebarica and S. olivacea juveniles was determined in the soft-shell crab production set-up.The BW increased from 1.8-1.9 g to 78-113.7 g when stocked at 0.5 ind m-2 and from 1.6-2.3 g to 73-106.7 g at 1.0 ind m-2 after 75 days. Growth rates at both stocking densities were comparable. However, survival was significantly higher (P<0.05) in lower (63.6~c1.01%) than in higher (35.6~c3.34%) stocking density. Male S. serrata (46.0 ~c 1.75%) had significantly higher BW increase than females (39.4 ~c 2.05%). Crabs stocked at sizes of 51-60 g showed significantly greater percent increase in BW (43.26~c 0.98%) compared with those at 61-70 g (40.98~c1.33%), 71-80 g (38.55~c 1.04%), 81-90 g (36.34 ~c 1.27%) and 91-100 g (38.52 ~c 1.67%). Among the three species, hatchery-reared S. serrata (42.14 ~c 1.34%) had significantly higher mean percent BW increase compared with S. olivacea (38.23 ~c 0.49%) and S. tranquebarica (36.16 ~c 0.78%). S. serrata had significantly shorter mean culture period (24.11 ~c 0.95 days) than S. tranquebarica (28.48 ~c 0.54 days) and S. olivacea (28.75 ~c 0.34 days).
Quinitio, E. T., Libunao, G. X., & Parado-Estepa, F. D. (2017). Development of protocol for the production of hatchery-reared mud crab Scylla serrata juveniles for soft-shell crab farming. In E. T. Quinitio, F. D. Parado-Estepa, & R. M. Coloso (Eds.), Philippines : In the forefront of the mud crab industry development : proceedings of the 1st National Mud Crab Congress, 16-18 November 2015, Iloilo City, Philippines (pp. 28-38). Tigbauan, Iloilo, Philippines: Aquaculture Department, Southeast Asian Fisheries Development Center.
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Waiho, Khor; Fazhan, Hanafiah; Quinitio, Emilia T.; Baylon, Juliana C.; Fujaya, Yushinta; Azmie, Ghazali; Wu, Qingyang; Shi, Xi; Ikhwanuddin, Mhd; Ma, Hongyu (Elsevier, 2018)The increasing global demand for mud crabs (genus Scylla) and threats to the wild populations highlight the urgency of fully rearing them in captivity. Despite considerable progress in mud crab production, most crab farms ...
Quinitio, Emilia T.; Rodriguez, Eduard; Agbayani, Renato F.; Juanga, Butch; Baticados, Didi; Catacutan, Mae; Bombeo, Ruby (Aquaculture Department, Southeast Asian Fisheries Development Center, 2010)
Quinitio, Emilia T.; Parado-Estepa, Fe Dolores; dela Cruz-Huervana, Joana Joy (Aquaculture Department, Southeast Asian Fisheries Development Center, 2018)This manual includes the biology of crab (Scylla serrata, S. tranquebarica, and S. olivacea), and describes principles and procedures for spawning the mature crabs and rearing the zoea to ‘fly’ size crabs. It focuses on ...