Makanan dan pemakanan udang harimau, Penaeus monodon
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The author, Dr. F.P. Pascual, head of the Nutrition Project conducted by the SEAFDEC Aquaculture Department in the Philippines, has prepared this guide for extension purposes. The popular text concerning the nutrition and feeding of Sugpo or giant tiger prawn (Penaeus monodon Fabricius) is an outcome of the growing interest in the culture of this species of prawn, especially in the Philippines. The growing interest in the culture of Penaeus monodon has called for an economical and practical dry feed formulation which can be used under Filipino conditions. The cost of the feed is, in fact, one of the major factors in the intensive production of Penaeus monodon. In developing and preparing appropriate diets several factors need to be considered such as the availability and cost of ingredients, ease of preparation, acceptability by the prawn, and the effectiveness of the diet to increase growth, etc. The author notes that protein ingredients for such diets are readily available locally. Laboratory studies have been carried out on a combination of two or more of these protein sources and have shown interesting results. Recommendations on how to prepare the feed, including a suggested feed formulation, and on the method of feeding are followed by a table indicating the analysis of some common feeds used in the Philippines.
"Nutrition and feeding of sugpo, Penaeus monodon" was originally written by F. P. Pascual and published by the SEAFDEC Aquaculture Department as SEAFDEC Aquaculture Extension Manual No. 3. This is a Bahasa Malaysia translation prepared by Mr. Lim Song Hok of the Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries Division, Malaysia. The drawing on the cover courtesy of Dr. William Dall, Assistant Chief, CSIRO Marine Laboratories, Division of Fisheries Research and Oceanography, Cleveland, Queenslands, Australia.
Pascual, F. P. (1984). Makanan dan pemakanan udang harimau, Penaeus monodon (S. H. Lim, Trans.). Bangkok, Thailand: Secretariat, Southeast Asian Fisheries Development Center.