Hydrolyzed tuna meat by-product supplement for juvenile red sea bream, Pagrus major, and its effect on growth, enzyme activity, plasma parameters, and apparent nutrient digestibility
A growth experiment was conducted on juvenile red sea bream, Pagrus major to investigate the effect of the inclusion in fish diets, of tuna meat by-product hydrolysate which was processed through enzymatic hydrolysis using a commercially available enzyme, derived from Bacillus subtilis. Six experimental diets were formulated in the experiment. Three diets contained 50, 150 and 250 g/kg of TPM-H (tuna meat by-product hydrolysate), and two diets with the unprocessed TPM (tuna meat by-product) at an inclusion level of 50 and 250 g/kg. A control diet was formulated without any addition of the test ingredients. Treatment diets were fed ad libitum to juvenile fish with an initial average body weight of 0.81 ±0.13 g for 56 days. Results of the feeding trial suggest that the inclusion of TPM-H at 250 g/kg in fish diets improved body weight gain rate (3271.58%), feed intake (24.55 g/fish/56 days) and feed conversion efficiency (1.12) of the fish. Apparent nutrient digestibility of hydrolyzed tuna meat by-product improved compared to the unhydrolyzed ingredient. These results suggest that TPM processed as hydrolysates can be efficiently utilized by fish.
การอ้างอิงMamauag, R. E., Ragaza, J. A., Koshio, S., Ishikawa, M., & Yokoyama, S. (2014). Hydrolyzed tuna meat by-product supplement for juvenile red sea bream, Pagrus major, and its effect on growth, enzyme activity, plasma parameters, and apparent nutrient digestibility.
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