Evaluation of different supplemental feeds for milkfish (Chanos chanos) reared in brackishwater ponds
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The effects of supplemental feeding on milkfish growth, production, survival, water quality, and economic benefits in brackishwater ponds were evaluated by comparing a rice bran diet, containing 11.3% protein, and two pelleted diets, containing 22.0% and 27.4% protein, with an unfed control. Four 800-m2 tide-fed ponds, subdivided into quarters, were used. Each treatment was replicated in four random pond compartments. Milkfish with initial average weight of 1 g were stocked at 8000/ha and feeding commenced when the average weight and standing crop were 57 g and 417 kg/ha, respectively. All supplemental feeds significantly (P<0.05) increased growth and production over the unfed control. Feeding diets containing 22.0% and 27.4% protein resulted in 35.3% and 46.7% higher net profits, respectively, whereas feeding rice bran resulted in a 34.4% lower net profit when compared to the unfed control. The growth of milkfish became significantly slower (P<0.01) than those fed the 27.4% protein diets when the standing crop of unfed and rice bran-fed fish reached 535 kg/ha and fish fed the 22.0% protein diet reached 972 kg/ha. Survival was not significantly different among the treatments. The concentration of metabolites in the culture water for all treatments was low but a significant increase (P<0.05) in level of total carbon dioxide and nitrite-nitrogen was observed as biomass increased.
การอ้างอิงSumagaysay, N. S., Marquez, F. E., & Chiu-Chern, Y. N. (1991). Evaluation of different supplemental feeds for milkfish (Chanos chanos) reared in brackishwater ponds.
- AQD 
Benitez, Lita V. (Philippine Council for Aquatic and Marine Research and Development, 1989)This paper reviews recent work on milkfish nutrition. Substantial progress had been made towards understanding the digestive physiology of milkfish. Major enzaymes envolved in the digestions of carbohydrates, protein and ...
Lactate dehydrogenase isozyme patterns during the development of milkfish, (Chanos chanos (Forskal)) Requintina, Pura D.; Engle, L. M.; Benitez, Lita V. (University of the Philippines at Los Baños, 1981)Polyacrylamide disc gel electrophoresis was done to determine the lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) isozyme patterns for fry (5-3 mg), fingerling (6-12 g), pond-size (150-250 g) and adult (6-9 kg) milkfish. The patterns were ...
Small-scale freshwater aquaculture development: Experiences from the Philippines on giant freshwater prawn, milkfish and tilapia Aya, Frolan (Japan International Cooperation Agency, 2013-12)The Aquaculture Department of the Southeast Asian Fisheries Development Center (SEAFDEC/AQD) has been promoting a number of programs towards effective dissemination and adoption of science-based aquaculture technologies ...