Acute toxicity of nitrite to mud crab Scylla serrata (Forsskål) larvae
MetadataShow full item record
Cited times in Scopus
Early larval stages of mud crab Scylla serrata were exposed to different concentrations of nitrite (40, 80 and 160 mg L−1 and a control, without added nitrite) and three salinity levels (25, 30 and 35 g L−1) using a static renewal method. No interactive effect of nitrite and salinity was detected. Estimated LT50 in 96-h toxicity tests decreased in all stages with increasing nitrite concentrations in all salinity levels. The 96-h LC50 values of nitrite-N were 41.58, 63.04, 25.54, 29.98 and 69.93 mg L−1 for zoea 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 respectively. As the larvae grew, they showed a progressive increase in tolerance to nitrite. The toxicity of nitrite to larvae increased with exposure time. The median lethal concentration was not affected by salinity. The chloride component of salinity within 25–35 g L−1 did not seem to be as effective in alleviating toxicity as has been reported in other crustacean species. Based on 96-h LC50 and an application factor of 0.1, the ‘safe level’ of rearing mud crab larvae was calculated to be 4.16, 6.30, 2.55, 2.99 and 6.99 mg L−1 nitrite-N for zoea 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 respectively.
Suggested CitationSeneriches-Abiera, M. L., Parado-Estepa, F., & Gonzales, G. A. (2007). Acute toxicity of nitrite to mud crab Scylla serrata (Forsskål) larvae.
- AQD Journal Articles 
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Formalin as an alternative to trifluralin as prophylaxis against fungal infection in mud crab Scylla serrata (Forsskål) larvae de Pedro, Jennette B.; Quinitio, Emilia T.; Parado-Estepa, Fe Dolores (Blackwell Publishing, 2007)The toxicity of formalin and trifluralin to the larval stages of the mud crab Scylla serrata was compared in a static bioassay. Prophylactic doses of 5, 10, 15, 20 and 25 μg L<sup>−1</sup> formalin and 0.05, 0.1, ...
Waiho, Khor; Fazhan, Hanafiah; Quinitio, Emilia T.; Baylon, Juliana C.; Fujaya, Yushinta; Azmie, Ghazali; Wu, Qingyang; Shi, Xi; Ikhwanuddin, Mhd; Ma, Hongyu (Elsevier, 2018)The increasing global demand for mud crabs (genus Scylla) and threats to the wild populations highlight the urgency of fully rearing them in captivity. Despite considerable progress in mud crab production, most crab farms ...
Quinitio, Emilia T.; Parado-Estepa, Fe D.; Huervana, Joana Joy; Burlas, Michael Ray (Aquaculture Department, Southeast Asian Fisheries Development Center, 2015)Widespread interest in mud crab species is increasing because these are highly prized both in domestic and export markets. Among the three mud crab species commonly found in the Philippines, Scylla serrata, S. olivacea, ...