Aquaculture in Malaysia
Aquaculture in Malaysia is experiencing rapid growth. Total production in 1992 amounted to 79,699 tons valued at RM 207.4 million. These figures are 23% and 25% higher than the previous year's. Semi-culture of the cockle Anadara granosa was still predominant, contributing about 70% of the total output. Culture and production of the oyster Crassostrea iredalei is still insignificant. Sea bass Lates calcarifer constituted over 80% of the production from marine cages. Cage culture of grouper Epinephelus sp., snapper Lutjanus sp. and pompano Trachinotus blochii were also done in much smaller scale. The mangrove snapper Lutjanus argentimaculatus was recently spawned in captivity and larvae and juveniles were produced. In 1992, the tiger shrimp Penaeus monodon constituted about 87% of brackishwater pond production. Pond culture of the white shrimp P. merguiensis and the mudcrab Scylla sp. is at the experimental stage. Red tilapia hybrid was the major freshwater species cultured in cages, with 1,486 tons harvested in 1992. Freshwater pond production was valued at RM 100.85 million, 22% of which was due to the eel Anguilla japonica. Production of freshwater ornamental fishes is also becoming significant. Other exotic species recently bred and cultured are the African catfish Clarias gariepinus and the pacu Piaractus brachypomus. The indigenous freshwater catfish Mystus nemurus and carp Probarbus julleini have recently been bred in captivity and cultured experimentally. Lately, there have been attempts to culture non-conventional species such as the bullfrog Rana catesbeiana, the soft-shell turtle Trionyx sinensis, and aquatic ornamental plants.
Kechik, I. A. (1995). Aquaculture in Malaysia. In T. U. Bagarinao & E. E. C. Flores (Eds.), Towards Sustainable Aquaculture in Southeast Asia and Japan: Proceedings of the Seminar-Workshop on Aquaculture Development in Southeast Asia, Iloilo City, Philippines, 26-28 July, 1994 (pp. 125-135). Tigbauan, Iloilo, Philippines: Aquaculture Department, Southeast Asian Fisheries Development Center.
Plant culture; Frog culture; Shrimp culture; Turtle culture; Pond culture; Mollusc culture; Mussel culture; Spawning; Oyster culture; Aquaculture; Crab culture; Brackishwater aquaculture; Clam culture; Aquaculture economics; Aquaculture development; Breeding; Hybrid culture; Cage culture; Marine aquaculture; Freshwater aquaculture; Fish culture; Penaeus monodon; Lutjanus argentimaculatus; Mystus nemurus; Clarias gariepinus; Lates calcarifer; Probarbus julleini; Trachinotus blochii; Lutjanus; Crassostrea iredalei; Fenneropenaeus merguiensis; Epinephelus; Rana catesbeiana; Anadara granosa; Anguilla japonica; Scylla; Pelodiscus sinensis; Piaractus brachypomus; Banana prawn; Bullfrog; Chinese softshell turtle; Giant perch; Giant tiger prawn; Groupers; Mangrove jack; Pirapatinga; Snappers; Tropical pompano; Malaysia
- ADSEA '94