Japan: Mangrove areas and their utilization
Although Japan has large-scale aquaculture, there is no aquaculture development in mangrove areas because the total area is small (553 ha) and strictly protected. Mangroves are preserved in comparatively good condition. Future development of aquaculture in mangrove areas is considered small-scale. Rather than aquaculture, Japan practices enhancement and management of wild fisheries. Tourism is another industry that would have an important role in mangrove utilization. But basic research on mangrove ecosystems is essential prior to determining policies for utilization of mangrove areas. International cooperative research work is important to encourage mangrove-friendly aquaculture and protect the environment.
Minagawa, M. (2000). Japan: mangrove areas and their utilization. In J. H. Primavera, L. M. B. Garcia, M. T. Castaños, & M. B. Surtida (Eds.), Mangrove-Friendly Aquaculture : Proceedings of the Workshop on Mangrove-Friendly Aquaculture organized by the SEAFDEC Aquaculture Department, January 11-15, 1999, Iloilo City, Philippines (pp. 35–40). Tigbauan, Iloilo, Philippines: Southeast Asian Fisheries Development Center, Aquaculture Department.