The tolerance of Penaeus monodon eggs and larvae to fungicides against Lagenidium sp. and Haliphthoros philippinensis
The in vivo effect of mycostatic levels of fungicides against the fungi Lagenidium sp. and Haliphthoros sp. were tested on Penaeus monodon eggs and larvae. Hatching rate and survival of nauplii, zoeae, myses and postlarvae exposed to 10 mg/ℓ Benzalkonium chloride, 1 mg/ℓ Clotrimazole, 1 mg/ℓ Crystal Violet, 10 mg/ℓ 2,4-D, 10 mg/ℓ Daconil, 20 mg/ℓ laundry detergent, 1 mg/ℓ Econazole nitrate, 10 mg/ℓ Resiguard, 0.2 mg/ℓ and 10 mg/ℓ Treflan-R, 0.01 mg/ℓ and 0.2 mg/ℓ Trifluralin were monitored daily for 96 hr in a static bioassay in glass aquaria. Results showed that all test chemicals had no inhibitory effect on hatching rate but survival rate of hatched nauplii was significantly reduced in most treatments except that of 0.2 mg/ℓ Treflan-R. Tests with zoeae, myses and postlarvae indicated that 0.2 mg/ℓ Treflan-R and 0.01 mg/ℓ and 0.2 mg/ℓ Trifluralin did not adversely affect survival. In addition, Benzalkonium chloride caused no significant mortalities among exposed myses.
Po, G. L., & Sanvictores, E. (1985). The tolerance of Penaeus monodon eggs and larvae to fungicides against Lagenidium sp. and Haliphthoros philippinensis (Abstract only). In Taki Y., Primavera J.H. and Llobrera J.A. (Eds.). Proceedings of the First International Conference on the Culture of Penaeid Prawns/Shrimps, 4-7 December 1984, Iloilo City, Philippines (p. 180). Iloilo City, Philippines: Aquaculture Department, Southeast Asian Fisheries Development Center.