Brackishwater integrated farming systems in Southeast Asia
Integrated aquaculture-agriculture systems are more common in fresh water than in brackish water. Nevertheless, southeast Asian countries already have considerable research and experience in brackishwater integrated farming systems. In the Philippines, the effects of animal wastes on water quality and production of fish have been studied: chicken wastes on the mixed culture of milkfish Chanos chanos, tilapia Oreochromis niloticus, and shrimp Penaeus indicus; chicken and cattle manures on P. monodon and Artemia; and swine wastes on tilapia O. mossambicus. In Indonesia, about 60 hectares of fish farms have crops (pumpkin, spinach, cassava, maize, and chili) or livestock (cattle, goat, sheep, chicken, and duck) grown on the dikes of milkfish ponds. In Vietnam, culture of the giant prawn Macrobrachium rosenbergii, Scylla serrata and marine shrimps has been integrated with coastal rice farming. Aquaculture-silviculture is a flourishing venture in Vietnam and Indonesia and gaining ground with experimental sites in Thailand and the Philippines. The seaweed Gracilaria has been cultured with fishes and shrimps in Taiwan, Vietnam, Thailand, and the Philippines. The production of Artemia cysts and biomass has been integrated with salt-making and fish or shrimp farming in the Philippines and Thailand. Production inputs and outputs from these integrated farming systems vary widely and socioeconomic information is nil. It is imperative to conduct follow-up research and evaluation of each system in terms of production and socioeconomics.
de la Cruz, C. R. (1995). Brackishwater integrated farming systems in Southeast Asia. In T. U. Bagarinao & E. E. C. Flores (Eds.), Towards Sustainable Aquaculture in Southeast Asia and Japan: Proceedings of the Seminar-Workshop on Aquaculture Development in Southeast Asia, Iloilo City, Philippines, 26-28 July, 1994 (pp. 23-36). Tigbauan, Iloilo, Philippines: Aquaculture Department, Southeast Asian Fisheries Development Center.
cultured organisms; organic wastes ; shrimp culture ; environmental impact ; pond culture ; prawn culture ; crab culture ; brackishwater aquaculture ; socioeconomic aspects ; ricefield aquaculture ; seaweed culture ; agropisciculture ; aquaculture techniques ; fish culture ; Penaeus monodon ; Chanos chanos ; Artemia ; Scylla serrata ; Gracilaria ; Oreochromis niloticus ; Macrobrachium rosenbergii ; Giant river prawn; Giant tiger prawn; Indian white prawn; milkfish ; South East Asia
- ADSEA '94 
Small-scale freshwater aquaculture development: Experiences from the Philippines on giant freshwater prawn, milkfish and tilapia Aya, Frolan (Japan International Cooperation Agency, 2013-12)The Aquaculture Department of the Southeast Asian Fisheries Development Center (SEAFDEC/AQD) has been promoting a number of programs towards effective dissemination and adoption of science-based aquaculture technologies ...
Evaluation of milkfish (Chanos chanos Forskal) and prawn (Penaeus monodon Fabricus) in polyculture system Pudadera, Beato J., Jr.; Lim, Chhorn (Fisheries Research Society of the Philippines, 1982)The growth, survival and profitability of milkfish (C. chanos ) and prawn (Penaeus monodon ) (averaging 3.1 g and 0.3 g, respectively) grown in five different combinations for 100 days in 500-m super(2) brackishwater ponds ...
Effect of different stocking combinations on growth, production and survival of milkfish (Chanos chanos Forskal) and prawn (Penaeus monodon Fabricius) in polyculture in brackishwater ponds Eldani, Abdurizal; Primavera, Jurgenne (Elsevier, 1981)Milkfish (Chanos chanos) and prawn (Penaeus monodon) were stocked in 500 m2 earthen ponds from 12 November 1978 to 15 March 1979 at the following combinations: 2000 milkfish fingerlings per ha (treatment I); 2000 milkfish ...