Environmental and other non-infectious diseases
The chapter presents some of the environmental non-infectious diseases of aquatic animals. Non-infectious diseases are caused by adverse environmental conditions, nutritional disorders, or genetic defects. While they can result a sudden mass mortality or death, they are not contagious. Environmental diseases are the most important in aquaculture. This includes low dissolved oxygen, high ammonia, high nitrite, or natural or man-made toxins in the aquatic environment.
Erazo-Pagador, G. E., & Pakingking Jr., R. V. (2010). Environmental and other non-infectious diseases. In G. D. Lio-Po & Y. Inui (Eds.), Health Management in Aquaculture (2nd ed., pp. 147-156). Tigbauan, Iloilo, Philippines: Aquaculture Department, Southeast Asian Fisheries Development Center.