Soft-shell crab production using hatchery-produced mangrove crab Scylla serrata juveniles
Soft-shell crab production is being practiced in many Asian countries but the major source of seedstock is from the wild, which could no longer sustain the increasing demand. Commercial scale soft-shell crab production can become sustainable only if there is a continuous supply of seedstock not dependent on wild stock. Rajiv Gandhi Centre for Aquaculture (RGCA) under the Marine Products Export Development Authority (MPEDA) has established a pilot-scale mud crab hatchery at Thoduvai, Nagapattinam District, Tamilnadu in 2004 with the technical assistance from SEAFDEC/AQD. At present, RGCA has the biggest mud crab hatchery in India and a demonstration farm at Karaikal, U.T. of Puducherry, where nursery rearing, grow-out and soft-shell crab production are conducted using hatchery- produced mangrove crabs or mud crabs, Scylla serrata. This paper presents the results of the soft-shell crab production using hatcheryproduced S. serrata juveniles maintained in perforated low density polyethylene (LDPE) boxes. The duration of the molt interval, time of molt (day or night) and the increase in body weight and carapace width of each size group (40-60, 61-80, 81-100, 101-120, 121-140, 141-160, 161-180 g) after molting were determined.Results showed that the percentage increase in body weight and carapace width increased as the crabs grew bigger. Likewise, the molt interval was longer in bigger-sized groups of crabs. Sixty to seventy percent of the population molted during night time and the next molt occurred within 25 days in 80-160 g size groups. Soft-shell crabs in boxes within the water surface and juvenile crabs (2.5 cm CW initial size) for culture until market size in the pond can be a viable technology technology for mud crab growers.
Ganesh, K., Dinakaran, G. K., Sundaresan, T., Satheesh Kumar, K., Gangadharan, K. V., Viswanathan, S., … Thampi Sam Raj, Y. C. (2015). Soft-shell crab production using hatchery-produced mangrove crab Scylla serrata juveniles. In E. T. Quinitio, F. D. Parado-Estepa, Y. C. Thampi Sam Raj, & A. Mandal (Eds.), Proceedings of the International Seminar-Workshop on Mud Crab Aquaculture and Fisheries Management, 10-12 April 2013, Tamil Nadu, India (pp. 101-106). Tamil Nadu, India: Rajiv Gandhi Centre for Aquaculture (MPEDA).
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Monosex culture of the mud crab Scylla serrata at three stocking densities with Gracilaria as crab shelter Triño, Avelino T.; Millamena, Oseni M.; Keenan, Clive P. (Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research, 1999)The effects of three levels of stocking density (0.5, 1.5 or 3.0/m2) and monosex culture (male or female) on the growth, survival and production of Scylla serrata were investigated. Juvenile crabs were stocked in 150 m2 ...
Tobias-Quinitio, Emilia J.; Libunao, Gardel Xyza S.; Parado-Estepa, Fe D.; Calpe, Adelaida T. (Aquaculture Department, Southeast Asian Fisheries Development Center; Philippine Council for Agriculture, Aquatic and Natural Resources Research and Development (PCAARRD), 2015)"The production of soft-shell crabs is well established in other Asian countries but its sustainability is already being threatened due to the decreasing mud crab population in the wild where the seedstocks are sourced. ...