Monitoring and identification of harmful algal blooms in Southeast Asia to support SDG 14.1
MetadataShow full item record
One of the targets of SDG 14 on conservation and sustainable use of oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development adopted in September 2015, indicates that (SDG 14.1): By 2025, ‘marine pollution of all kinds in particular from land-based activities, including marine debris and nutrient pollution, shall have been prevented and significantly reduced.’ One of the UN indicators for achieving the said target is the ‘index of coastal eutrophication.’ By definition, ‘eutrophication is the enrichment of water as a result of an increase in nutrients, especially nitrogen and/or phosphorus, causing an accelerated growth of algae and higher forms of plant life, which can have negative impact on the marine and coastal environment.’ The Singapore-based SEAFDEC Marine Fisheries Research Department (MFRD) has embarked on a Japanese Trust Fund Project on ‘Chemicals and Drug Residues in Fish and Fish Products in Southeast Asia – Biotoxins (ASP, AZA and BTX) and Harmful Algal Blooms (HABs) in the ASEAN Region’ which includes monitoring of biotoxin-producing harmful algal bloom (HAB) species, which ensures that fish and shellfish are not contaminated with these toxic algae or their toxins, and enhances regional capabilities in identifying biotoxin-producing HAB species. This is considering that in recent decades, many coastal countries in Southeast Asia have experienced an increasing trend in pollution-associated problems caused by massive blooms of harmful and toxic algae, known before as ‘red tide’ and now better known as ‘harmful algal bloom’ (HAB). The occurrence of HAB in fresh and marine waters has led to mass mortalities of wild and cultured fish and shellfish, human illnesses and to some extent, death from contaminated shellfish or fish, death of marine mammals, seabirds, and other animals, and alteration of marine habitats or trophic structure through shading, overgrowth, or adverse effects on life history stages of fish and other marine organisms, hampering the sustainability of fisheries and aquaculture.
Suggested CitationSoon Eong, Y., & Sulit, V. T. (2017). Monitoring and identification of harmful algal blooms in Southeast Asia to support SDG 14.1.
algal blooms ; toxic substances ; environmental monitoring ; eutrophication ; fishery institutions ; marine pollution ; marine resources ; mortality causes ; pollution monitoring ; public health ; Red tides; resource conservation ; resource management ; sustainable development ; sustainability ; South East Asia
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Saikliang, Pairochana; Nasuchon, Nopparat; Torell, Magnus (Secretariat, Southeast Asian Fisheries Development Center, 2012)The demand for fish and fishery commodities around the world has been increasing. In order to meet such demand, active fishing vessels have been growing in terms of number and efficiency, resulting in overcapacity in most ...
Monitoring, Control and Surveillance (MCS) in Southeast Asia: Review of the establishment of Regional MCS Network Yleaña, Joeren S.; Velasco, Pierre Easter L. (Secretariat, Southeast Asian Fisheries Development Center, 2012)The advent of Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated (IUU) fishing has been widely recognized as deterrent to the sustainable development and utilization of the fisheries resources in the region. The Resolution on Sustainable ...
Using local user perceptions to evaluate outcomes of protected area management in the Sagay Marine Reserve, Philippines Web, Edward L.; Maliao, Ronald J.; Siar, Susana V. (Cambridge University Press, 2004)Local user perceptions of resource trajectory and indicators of protected area outcomes can be useful in the assessment of integrated conservation projects, both marine and terrestrial. In-depth stakeholder surveys using ...