Mud crab fattening in ponds
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Two independent experiments on mud crab (Scylla serrata, Portunidae) fattening were conducted simultaneously in 150 m2 ponds for 30 days: Expt. I - monosex male (286 ± 1.2 g) vs. monosex female (267 ± 0.9 g) stocked at 0.5·m-2, and Expt. II - monosex male (338 ± 3.1 g) or female (338 ± 2.8 g) vs. mixed sex (338 ± 3.4 g) stocked at 0.25·m-2. The crabs were fed daily a mixed diet of 75% brown mussel flesh and 25% fish bycatch at 10% of the crab biomass. Intermolt full male crabs weighing ≥ 400 g and roed females ≥ 350 g were partially harvested from the ponds after 20 days of culture using lift net and current method. Results of partial harvest from all treatments in both experiments showed a total yield of 51-55% of the total initial number of stocked crabs (450 crabs in Expt. I, and 338 crabs in Expt. II). From this partial harvest, crabs in Expt. I attained a mean final body weight of 496 g, a specific growth rate (SGR) of 2.75% in males and 432 g, SGR of 2.4% in females. Expt. II gave a mean final body weight of 520 g (males), 484 g (females), and 517 g (mixed sex) and SGR of 1.1, 0.73 and 0.81, respectively. Results of total harvest showed that the overall mean final body weight (372 ± 4.5 g) of monosex male crabs in Expt. I was significantly higher (P < 0.05) than monosex females. However, specific growth rate, carapace length and width, survival, and production were not significantly different (P > 0.05) between monosex males and females. On the other hand, growth and production of monosex crabs in Expt. II was not significantly different (P > 0.05) from mixed sex crabs. However survival of monosex crabs (100%) was significantly higher (P < 0.05) than mixed sex crabs (87 ± 1.88%).
Suggested CitationTriño, A. T., & Rodriguez, E. M. (2001). Mud crab fattening in ponds.
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