Level of L-ascorbyl-2-monophosphate-Mg as a vitamin C source in practical diets for the Asian sea bass, Lates calcarifer
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The stable vitamin C derivative, L-ascorbyl-2-monophosphate-Mg (AMP), was used as a supplement in practical diets for Asian sea bass, Lates calcarifer. Optimum growth, liver ascorbic acid (AA) saturation, and wound healing were determined. Sea bass (78.9±0.4 g) were fed a maintenance diet without vitamin C supplement for 25 days, then distributed into fifteen 1500-l oval fiberglass tanks at 30 fish each and fed one of five practical diets containing 0, 50, 100, 200, or 400 AMP mg/kg diet for 14 weeks. Fish fed the AMP-free diet exhibited clinical signs of vitamin C deficiency and significantly poorer final average weight, specific growth rate, protein efficiency ratio, feed conversion ratio, and hematocrit level (p<0.05). The level of AA in the sea bass brain increased as the level of dietary AMP increased. The AA concentration in the liver was similar at all AMP dietary levels. Body calcium of sea bass fed the AMP-free or 50 mg diets was significantly lower (p<0.05) than in fish fed the other diets. AMP enhanced wound healing regardless of supplement level, but fish fed the highest dietary AMP (400 mg/kg diet) exhibited histopathological changes in the liver. The dietary level of 50 mg AMP/kg diet was adequate for optimum growth, liver AA saturation, and prevention of clinical signs of vitamin C deficiency in 80-220 g sea bass. However, 100 mg AMP per kg diet was necessary for optimum body calcium.
Suggested CitationCatacutan, M. R., Pagador, G. E., Doyola-Solis, E. F., Ishikawa, M., & Teshima, S. (2012). Level of L-ascorbyl-2-monophosphate-Mg as a vitamin C source in practical diets for the Asian sea bass, Lates calcarifer.
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Dhebtaranon, Yodying; Maneewongsa, Sujin; Wongsomnuk, Swad (Aquaculture Department, Southeast Asian Fisheries Development Center; International Development Research Centre, 1979)Feeding experiments on sea bass, Lates calcaifer , have been carried out in nylon net cages in Songkhla, since 1971, to obtain information on: (1) growth rates; (2) survival rates; (3) food conversion rates; (4) environmental ...