Antioxidant activities and selenogene transcription in the European sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax) liver depend, in a non-linear manner, on the Se/Hg molar ratio of the feeds
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Feeding 3.9 and 6.7 mg Hg/kg (Se/Hg molar ratios of 0.8 and 0.4, respectively) for 14 days negatively affected Dicentrarchus labrax growth and total DNTB- and thioredoxin-reductase (TrxR) activities and the transcription of four redox genes (txn1, gpx1, txnrd3, and txnrd2) in the liver, but a diet with 0.5 mg Hg/kg (Se/Hg molar ratio 6.6) slightly increased both reductase activities and the transcription of txn1, gpx1, and txnrd2. Feeding 6.7 mg Hg/kg for 53 days downregulated the genes of the thioredoxin system (txn1, txnrd3, and txnrd2) but upregulated gpx1, confirming the previously proposed complementarity among the antioxidant systems. Substitution of 20% of the feed by thawed white fish (hake) slightly counteracted the negative effects of Hg. The effects were not statistically significant and were dependent, in a non-linear manner, on the Se/Hg molar ratio of the feed but not on its Hg concentration. These results stress the need to consider the Se/Hg molar ratio of the feed/food when evaluating the toxicity of Hg.
Espino, M., Eguiraun, H., Diaz de Cerio, O., Carrero, J. A., Etxebarria, N., & Martinez, I. (2021). Antioxidant activities and selenogene transcription in the European sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax) liver depend, in a non-linear manner, on the Se/Hg molar ratio of the feeds. Biological Trace Element Research. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12011-021-02835-7
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