Changes in plasma osmolality and chloride concentration during abrupt transfer of milkfish (Chanos chanos) from seawater to different test salinities
Cited times in Scopus
Milkfish juveniles (40, 120 or 260 g) were acclimated to 32 ppt seawater, then abruptly transferred to water with salinities of 0, 16, 32 (control) or 48 ppt. Blood samples were taken 0, 1, 2, 3, 5, 7 or 14 days after transfer. Survival rate was 95% or greater in all salinities. Plasma osmolality in fish exposed to salinities other than 16 or 32 ppt deviated from control values immediately after transfer but were subsequently regulated to near normal levels after several days. Although these deviations were significant, they were relatively small (≤20% of initial) as plasma osmolality changed by less than 0.07 mOsm/kg per unit change environmental salinity. Plasma chloride values generally followed the same pattern of changes as plasma osmolality. When these deviations were integrated across time, summed deviations (mOsm·day kg−1 or mEq·day l−1) were proportional to the osmotic or ionic gradient but were inversely proportional to size. For 40-g fish, summed deviations were larger in 48 than in 0 ppt; for 120- or 260-g fish, these deviations were larger in 0 than in 48 ppt. These results indicate that small milkfish tend to adapt better to fresh than to hypersaline water while larger milkfish are more likely to find hypersaline water less stressful than freshwater. Like other organ systems previously studied in milkfish, these size-dependent adaptations in osmoregulatory mechanisms reflect natural habitat shifts during development.
SEAFDEC Aquaculture Department Contribution No. 220.
Ferraris, R. P., Almendras, J. M., & Jazul, A. P. (1988). Changes in plasma osmolality and chloride concentration during abrupt transfer of milkfish (Chanos chanos) from seawater to different test salinities.
Aquaculture, 70(1-2), 145-157. https://doi.org/10.1016/0044-8486(88)90013-0
- AQD Journal Articles 
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Annual report 1977 Southeast Asian Fisheries Development Center, Aquaculture Department (Aquaculture Department, Southeast Asian Fisheries Development Center, 1978)
Development and management of milkfish broodstock Reyes, Ofelia S.; de Jesus-Ayson, Evelyn Grace T.; Eullaran, Bernadita E.; Corre Jr., Valeriano L.; Ayson, Felix G. (Aquaculture Department, Southeast Asian Fisheries Development Center, 2015)The manual provides developed and refined techniques for collection and transport of spawned eggs and larvae, as well as larval rearing. It also describes the necessary facilities for maintaining milkfish broodstock. Guidelines ...
Seed production of milkfish Chanos chanos Forsskal Reyes, Ofelia; Eullaran, Bernadita; Ayson, Evelyn Grace (Aquaculture Department, Southeast Asian Fisheries Development Center, 2016)A 26-page manual describing the site selection, hatchery design, spawning, larval rearing, natural food production, and economic analysis for milkfish.