Dietary requirement of milkfish (Chanos chanos Forsskal) juveniles for total aromatic amino acids
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The phenylalanine requirement of milkfish at two dietary tyrosine levels was determined using a 2× 6 factorial feeding experiment. The amino acid test diets (45% crude protein) contained vitamin-free casein and gelatin supplemented with crystalline L-amino acids to provide an amino acid profile similar to milkfish tissue protein except for the test amino acid. The experimental diets consisted of 12 isonitrogenous and isocaloric diets containing six graded levels of phenylalanine (1.18, 1.3, 1.6, 1.9, 2.2, and 2.5% of dry diet) at two levels of tyrosine (0.45 and 1.2% of dry diet). Each of the 12 diets was fed to triplicate groups of 15 milkfish juveniles (initial mean weight = 0.58 ± 003 g) for 12 weeks. Breakpoint linear regression analysis of the growth data estimated the phenylalanine requirement to be 1.90% of the dry diet (4.22% of dietary protein) at 0.45% dietary tyrosine. In the presence of 1.2% dietary tyrosine, the phenylalanine requirement was estimated to be 1.26% of the dry diet (2.80% of dietary protein), suggesting that tyrosine can supply a portion of the total aromatic amino acid requirement thereby sparing phenylalanine. The optimum total aromatic amino acid requirement of milkfish obtained in the study was 5.22% of dietary protein and the replacement value of tyrosine for phenylalanine was computed to be about 46%. Total aromatic amino acid levels higher than 6.88% caused a significant depression of growth in milkfish juveniles.
Borlongan, I. G. (1992). Dietary requirement of milkfish (Chanos chanos Forsskal) juveniles for total aromatic amino acids.
Aquaculture, 102(4), 309-317. https://doi.org/10.1016/0044-8486(92)90184-M
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